Bishop Nicolson 2
Bishop Nicolson divided Scotland into fixed districts with a “missioner” (priest) attached to each one and laid down rules about how they were to go about their work. He was imprisoned for a short time at Fochabers after the failure of the 1715 Jacobite Uprising. It was assumed (reasonably enough) that all Catholics were Jacobites. He died in 1718 in Moray, at Preshome, administrative centre of the Scottish Church, which was in the Enzie, one of the areas which had remained steadfastly faithful to the “Old Religion”. A further sign of progress came in 1727 when Scotland was divided into two vicariates, often referred to as the Highland and Lowland Districts, a division based not so much on geography as on Gaelic and non-Gaelic language and culture.